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Systemic corticosteroids can reactivate tuberculosis and should not be used in patients with a history of active tuberculosis, except when chemoprophylaxis is instituted concomitantly. The incidence or course of acute bacterial infection are probably minimally affected by inhaled triamcinolone. Application of topical corticosteroids to areas of infection, including tuberculosis of the skin, should be initiated or continued only if the appropriate antiinfective treatment is instituted. If the infection does not respond to the antimicrobial therapy, the concurrent use of the topical corticosteroid should be discontinued until the infection is controlled.
Hepatic enzyme inhibitors: protease inhibitors (including ritonavir) or ketoconazole may decrease corticosteroid clearance via CYP3A4 inhibition resulting in increased effects such as Cushing's syndrome and adrenal suppression. Co-administration of triamcinolone hexacetonide with CYP 3A inhibitors (including cobicistat-containing products) is not recommended unless the potential benefit of treatment outweighs the risk of systemic corticosteroid effects. If the potential benefit of co-administration outweighs the increased risk of systemic corticosteroid side-effects, patients should be monitored for these effects (see section ).