Like other topical corticosteroids, hydrocortisone valerate has anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictive properties. The mechanism of the anti-inflammatory activity of the topical steroids, in general, is unclear. However, corticosteroids are thought to act by the induction of phospholipase A 2 inhibitory proteins , collectively called lipocortins. It is postulated that these proteins control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes by inhibiting the release of their common precursor arachidonic acid. Arachidonic acid is released from membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A 2 .
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
Indication : TRI‐LUMA ® Cream is indicated for the short‐term (up to 8 weeks) treatment of moderate to severe melasma of the face in the presence of measures for sun avoidance, including the use of sunscreens. Adverse Events : In the controlled clinical trials, the most frequently reported events were redness, peeling, burning, dryness, and itching at the site of application. Warnings/Precautions : TRI‐LUMA contains sulfites which may cause severe, life‐threatening allergic reactions in people allergic to sulfites. TRI‐LUMA contains hydroquinone, which may cause a gradual blue‐black darkening of the skin. If you are pregnant, nursing or trying to become pregnant you should not use TRI‐LUMA. Safety and efficacy have not been established in individuals with darker skin. Reversible HPA axis (adrenal function) suppression may result from exposure to the topical corticosteroid, fluocinolone acetonide, so discontinue use if signs and symptoms of this condition occur. Avoid products that may dry or irritate the skin, such as abrasive cleansers, scrubs, or skin‐peeling agents. Exposure to sunlight, sunlamps, or UV light and extreme heat, wind, or cold should be avoided. If exposure cannot be avoided, sunscreen products [SPF 30 or more] and protective apparel should be used.
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In controlled clinical trials involving 319 subjects, the incidence of adverse reactions associated with the use of Mometasone Furoate Cream % was %. Reported reactions included burning, pruritus, and skin atrophy. Reports of rosacea associated with the use of Mometasone Furoate Cream % have also been received. In controlled clinical trials (n=74) involving pediatric subjects 2 to 12 years of age, the incidence of adverse experiences associated with the use of Mometasone Furoate Cream % was approximately 7%. Reported reactions included stinging, pruritus, and furunculosis.
The following adverse reactions were reported to be possibly or probably related to treatment with Mometasone Furoate Cream % during clinical trials in 4% of 182 pediatric subjects 6 months to 2 years of age: decreased glucocorticoid levels, 2; paresthesia, 2; folliculitis, 1; moniliasis, 1; bacterial infection, 1; skin depigmentation, 1. The following signs of skin atrophy were also observed among 97 subjects treated with Mometasone Furoate Cream % in a clinical trial: shininess, 4; telangiectasia, 1; loss of elasticity, 4; loss of normal skin markings, 4; thinness, 1; and bruising, 1.