Psychotherapeutic treatment can be an effective alternative to medication.  Exposure therapy is the recommended treatment for phobic anxiety disorders. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been found to be effective treatment for panic disorder , social anxiety disorder , generalized anxiety disorder , and obsessive-compulsive disorder . Healthcare providers can also help by educating sufferers about anxiety disorders and referring individuals to self-help resources.  CBT has been shown to be effective in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder , and possibly more effective than pharmacological treatments in the long term.  Sometimes medication is combined with psychotherapy, but research has not found a benefit of combined pharmacotherapy and psychotherapy versus monotherapy.